Install DionaeaFR web frontend to Dionaea honeypot on Ubuntu

Dionaea is a low-interaction honeypot. It is one of the honeypots that can be deployed through the Modern Honey Network. Next to the MHN dashboard I also wanted some specific data on the Dionaea honeypot. That is where DionaeaFR kicks in.

The installation is described in detail on the github page and on

I had to add some extra packages and settings on a Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS system. Below is the fullRead more.

Automatic Check of Expiration Date of GPG keys

After Heartbleed I wrote a small python script to have an automatic check of certification expiration date. The script is hosted on Github.

Next to SSL certificates there are also GPG keys that can (but do not have to) have an expiration date. If you manage a lot of (personal or shared) keys it can become difficult to keep track of expired or soon to be expired keys.

So I wrote a similar python scriptRead more.

Automatic Check of Expiration Date of Certificates

After Heartbleed and generating lots of different new certificates I searched for a tool that sends me an alert when a certificate is about to expire. Basically I need an automatic check of expiration date of certificates. My requirements were

daily checks; notification by email; check for certificates on internal and external network; check for certificates on non-web service (imap, pop, …).

There are a couple of tools that cover part of my requirements butRead more.

Ulogd-viz, visualize iptables / netfilter / ufw logs

I have iptables on a couple of different Linux hosts. There are a number of tools that allow you to centralize the logs of different hosts (and services) but they often focus on some form of alert management. I need something that allows me to gather the logs from different hosts, put them all in one central database and then generate some statistics on this data.

Iptables logs to the local syslogger but ulogd allowsRead more.

Install ModSecurity on Ubuntu (from source)

ModSecurity is an embeddable web application firewall or WAF. It can be installed as part of your existing web server infrastructure.

ModSecurity is available as a package for different Linux distributions but these versions are often outdated. I installed ModSecurity from source on Ubuntu 12.0.4 LTS.

Start by downloading the source tarball from the ModSecurity website. The full code is available via GitHub and the links to the tarballs are available from the home page.

Read more.

Different shell types: interactive, non-interactive, login

Shells control how you interact with your computer systems. I always switch between the Bourne shell (sh), Korn shell (ksh) and Bourne-Again shell (bash) but there are numerous others.

There are three types of shells

a login shell; an interactive shell; a non-interactive shell.

The type of shell defines what set of features you can use. Choosing the type of shell is important to achieve your goal(s).

A login shell is the shell that isRead more.


Sometimes it can be useful to do a HTTP GET or HTTP POST request from a PHP script. I used to use curl to do this but there’s a ‘cleaner’ way to do this.

For reference, this is how to do the HTTP POST request in curl from PHP

The PEAR – PHP Extension and Application Repository contains a number of useful reusable PHP components.

The component we are going to use is HTTP_Request2. YouRead more.

NMAP Open Service Scan – Open resolver test

From the website : Open DNS resolvers are frequently being abused to conduct efficient DDoS attacks towards websites, infrastructure and services..

You can detect open resolvers on your network with a vulnerability information management tool (for example Qualys), via the Open Resolver Project or manually with an nmap command.

Keeping track of the different output files becomes more difficult if you have to do this often. I wrote a script that imports the nmapRead more.

tiny Web Url Scanner

For a new project I needed a tool that could scan a web server for the http status code of different URLs and have the results listed in a easily parseable result. The URLs are typical Linux resources (f.e. the password file, the hostname, services file, …) that could lead to disclosing sensitive system information.

There are already a number of tools that can achieve this but none really provided the output that I needed.Read more.

Catch all web script

It can sometimes be useful to have a script that captures all the HTTP requests and that logs these requests to a file. The PHP script below works for me. I use this script in combination with the htaccess file to catch all web page requests and redirect them to one file.

The .htaccess file :

The apache config for the virtual host is straightforward.